Ranga’s Marriage is an interesting story of how a person manipulates to get a young boy married to an eleven-year-old girl in a village. "Truth alone triumphs"), inscribed in silver-gilt on the lower edge. She was a beautiful girl of eleven. Gopinath Bordoloi died on 5 August 1950, at the age of 60. [10], The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. Question 8. Independence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar, Independence activist and education philosopher, Husain served as a Vice Chancellor of, Known as the "King Maker", Kamaraj was an independence activist and statesman. Congress national general secretary and former Uttarakhand chief minister Harish Rawat demanded the government of India to confer Bharat Ratna … Hazarika died on 5 November 2011, at the age of 85. Since she was from a big town, she knew how to play the veena and the harmonium. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India which was Instituted in 1954. Anand v. Union of India in 1995. [27][c], On 4 December 2013, the Election Commission rejected the petition stating that conferring the award on people from non-polling states did not amount to a violation of the code. Desai had earlier abolished the awards while he was in the office of Prime Minister for it being "worthless and politicised". [35], In 1988, then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (1984–89) conferred the Bharat Ratna posthumously on movie actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. G. Ramachandran, in a bid to influence voters prior to the Tamil Nadu assembly elections in 1989. Two of them were C Rajagopalachari, the only Indian governor-general, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India’s second president. [49][50], Though, as per the statutes for the Bharat Ratna, the recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President,[4] there have been several demands from various political parties to honour their leaders. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:13. [2] It was noted that only an announcement had been made by press communiqué, but the government had not proceeded to confer the award by publishing the name in the Gazette and entering the name in the register. Ratna (रत्न) (also Rathna or Rathan) is a Sanskrit term for "jewel". [57] In 2011, 82 members of parliament recommended Chand's name for the award to the Prime Minister's Office. [3], There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. However, in 1999, four individuals were awarded the honour. https://academicseasy.com/2013/12/class-xi-snapshot-rangas-marriage.html [28] Similar claims have been made with regards to his daughter Indira Gandhi but this accusation has been found to be somewhat correct. The Ranga's Marriage by: Masti Venkatesha Iyengar Introduction The story depicts the life in Indian villages in the past when child marriage was a common practice. [44], A few of the conferments have been criticised for honouring personalities only after they received global recognition. Ratna was quite familiar with the narrator as he visited Rama’s place frequently. The BJP has always been vocal about nationalist ideology and has praised the valour of freedom fighters and social reformers. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution. It was noted that such conferments could lead to more demands to honour people like Maurya Emperor Ashoka,[41] Mughal Emperor Akbar, Maratha Emperor Shivaji, Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore,[42] Hindu spiritualist Swami Vivekananda,[43] and independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak. [54] Similar demands were made by Telugu Desam Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, and Shiromani Akali Dal for their respective leaders N. T. Rama Rao, Kanshi Ram, and Parkash Singh Badal. Ratna Pathak Shah who’s known for playing various characters in films and shows also said that it is difficult for her to choose a role now. [31][33], In 1992, two PILs were filed in the High Courts; one in the Kerala High Court on 13 February 1992 by Balaji Raghavan and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) on 24 August 1992 by Satya Pal Anand. [3][17], Although there is no formal nomination process, recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President with a maximum number of three nominees being awarded per year. [5] The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards, but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute, and Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966. [30], On 23 January 1992, a press release was published by the President's Secretariat to confer the award posthumously on Subhas Chandra Bose. He was the Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63; and founder of Indian political party, "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the, Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of, Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of, Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"), Actor turned politician Ramachandran was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. In an ideal world, the Bharat Ratna would be given to someone who is admired by everyone, and whose choice does not depend on which political party is in power. She also had a sweet voice. The Solicitor General noted that to confer the award per the appropriate regulations pertaining to the Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, the name of the recipient must be published in The Gazette of India and entered in the recipients register maintained under the direction of the President. [23], The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PILs) had been filed against the conferral of the award. A Division bench comprising Chief Justice D.H. Waghela and Justice B.V. Nagarathna dismissed the petition stating that the subject is not amenable to any adjudication process and the nominations and conferment process is stated to be informal and in the discretion of the highest authority in the Government. The decision triggered much criticism and a PIL was filed in the Calcutta High Court to revoke the award. Initially, the “Bharat Ratna” award was conferred on only alive persons and the award was not intended to be given posthumous. Vinoba Bhave died on 15 November 1982, at the age of 87. Bharat Ratna Awards. Both her parents having died, her uncle had brought her home. Download PDF of the list of Bharat Ratna recipients from 1954 to 2019. [58] Bindra had earlier been recommended for the award in May 2013 by the National Rifle Association of India. The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːɾət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India)[1] is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awards holds the highest honour in India and is awarded to those who make the country proud on the international platform. [5] The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. He was widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as, Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India's first airline, Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the, Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the, Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle, Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Loknayak" ("People's Leader"), Narayan is better known for ", Independence activist Bordoloi was the first. [13][24][25][26][27], Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. On 27 January 2014, a counsel appearing for the petitioner noted that after multiple representations from the petitioner, they were provided with the information under RTI that the recommendations to confer the award on Gandhi have been received multiple times in the past and were forwarded to the Prime Minister's Office. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence. [31], On 4 August 1997, the Supreme Court delivered an order that since the award had not been officially conferred, it cannot be revoked and declared that the press communiqué be treated as cancelled. Ratna stopped singing abruptly on seeing a stranger outside the room. It was instituted in 1991-92 and the first recipient of this award was chess grandmaster Vishwanathan Anand. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Ranga repeatedly glanced at her. [44][45] Similarly in 2015, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision to award Madan Mohan Malaviya, who died in 1946, met with criticism. Independence activist Desai was the fourth Prime Minister of India (1977–79). A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". [2] On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. She was from a big town, knew how to play the veena and the harmonium, and had a sweet voice. Ratna looked up and seeing a stranger there, abruptly stopped. [19] Additionally, recipients may either use the expression "Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President" or "Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award" to indicate that they have been honoured with the award. The party recently proposed Veer Savarkar's name for Bharat Ratna. Watch the video to find out more. 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