These include: Participatory: All participants are allowed a chance to contribute to the discussion. Consensus decision-making highlights the process of making decisions, not just the result. These consensus trainings are part of the One Community learning and screening process and a requirement for all team members before moving onto the property. Proper guidelines for the use of this option, however, are important. Full-consensus decision making, once achieved, will come with a two-step emergency procedure. “Consensus is like a symphony. This page contains the following sections about consensus: OUR TRAININGS    ●    HOW THIS WILL WORK IN GROUPS OF 200+    ●    WHERE WE ARE NOW. This timeline can be altered through the voting process outlined above. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Increases will be made when sufficient votes (starting with 70%+) agree we are ready. Not everyone may agree exactly, word for word, but by going with the spirit of the decision to be made, all have agreed on one forward action. Instead of simply voting for an item, and having the majority of the group getting their way, the group is committed to finding solutions that everyone can live with. “In Consensus-Oriented Decision-Making, Tim Hartnett has provided a practical and yet imaginative primer on how to approach group decision making in an inclusive way. Each individual’s preferences should be voiced so that the group can incorporate all concerns into an emerging consensus proposal. Then, if clarity is still needed between the parties involved, the disputes are settled by the following flexible options, always bringing in love and creativity: This system is flexible with each situation, and the parties involved can choose the options. An effective consensus process (consensus-building) is inclusive and engages all participants. We will test a small version of the large-scale consensus model with the first 20 people on the property and the goal to work our way up from 70% majority voting to 90% or more during those people’s first 2-3 months. Many people believe that consensus is the same thing as unanimous agreement, but this is not necessarily the case. I’ve been in situations at the end of the meeting where the meeting leader will stumble into the realization that they need to make a decision … How can we step outside of personal preferences to use, Skillful facilitation and “vibes-watching”, That everyone who wishes to speak gets a chance to do so, That everyone truly listens to those who speak (rather than rehearsing a rebuttal), That the facilitator (or someone else) recognizes an emerging synergy of ideas, That each participant discerns whether the consensus is in the best interest of the group, That the group works together addressing concerns and considerations in crafting a decision that is, That not everyone needs to be involved in every decision: the group can decide which decisions need to be made by which people, That a proposal can be “blocked” or put on hold when someone believes that it violates the foundational values of the group, when someone believes that more information may be needed, or when someone intuitively knows that a higher quality decision awaits. Download Consensus Decision Making for free. Creating a safe space to communicate is essential for consensus to take place. They believe this can result in a group experience of widespread disagreement, the opposite of a consensus process’s primary goal. Consensus Decision Making: Russell Jesse: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. Listen to … 3. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a group decision. In disputed situations or situations where emotions have become involved, the consciousness for The Highest Good of All has been forgotten or put aside. In decision making at One Community, the core value of “Consensus” is applied by asking ourselves the following three key questions: One Community’s Path to Consensus page discusses how we are organizing and making decisions now. You create a new model and make the old one obsolete. But consensus participants are also expected to pay attention to the needs of the whole group. It has its origin in a Latin word meaning literally feel together. Consensus decision making is a process used by groups seeking to generate widespread levels of participation and agreement. This is a commitment to making all community decisions on a consensus basis, where we come to an agreement that is satisfactory for everyone, rather than as a ‘democracy’ where the majority may agree, but a (sometimes significant) portion of the community do not. For this reason we are committed to a 100% consensus trained team and phasing in consensus on the property over the first 90 days as outlined below. Defenders of blocking believe that decision rules short of unanimity do not ensure a rigorous search for full agreement before finalizing decisions. If both of these 80% votes succeed, a decision will be made in accordance with the will of the 80% majority. They believe that under the right conditions unanimous consent is achievable and the process of getting there strengthens group relationships. They value the commitment to reaching unanimity and the full collaborative effort this goal requires. A decision that is acceptable to every is called a _consensus decision_. Sometimes the vote on a proposal is framed, “Is this proposal something you can live with?” This relaxed threshold for a yes vote can help make unanimity more easily achievable. The way in which the decision is made is as important as the resulting decision. Consensus building is the social process of obtaining general or widespread agreement for a principle, goal, strategy, plan, rule, decision or design. In consensus we must deal with how others think and feel and allow for and incorporate that. The goals of requiring unanimity are only fully realized when a group is successful in reaching it. Q: What happens when a decision needs to be made and it is clear just one or two people are determined to block the decision? These instructions will guide you through that process. CCME has identified consensus decision-making as one of its fundamental operating principles. This may include our willingness to share our history and our personal situations. Learning how to give and receive feedback in loving neutrality, and in the spirit of learning, is also foundational to the consensus process. Q: Will every decision be made by consensus? Unanimity is when everyone agrees. This lesson plan is purposed to teach all subjects, to any learning level, in any environment using the central theme of “Consensus and Decision Making.” Here is the mind map for the lesson plan: Lesson Plan Mindmap for Consensus & Decision Making – Click to visit the complete lesson plan page. True intimacy embraces loving, caring, and sharing in a demonstrable, tangible way. However, the Essence Hubs consist of a group of up to 12 who are a real support system for each of those members. Power leveraging, adversarial positioning, and other group manipulation tactics are specifically discouraged by the facilitator or by the structure of the discussion. Consensus decision s tend to be the default method though that teams use when they don’t know they are making a decision. * To ensure we are always aligned with our purpose, values, and mission, One Community uses the values as defined by our organization as the compass for all our decision making; we then factor in the diversity of individual perspectives and experiences. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. We believe consensus is an essential part of the community maintenance process, a foundation for a sustainable society, a key part of what we desire to share as part of our open source blueprint, and a commitment like no other to Oneness and working together for The Highest Good of All concerned. If they do this, everyone participates from that point forward and until full consensus is achieved. Consensus is distinctly different from an adversarial process wherein participants compete for the group’s support, and the concerns of the losing parties are not addressed by the winning proposal. Consensus decision-making is a decision-making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also to resolve or mitigate the objections of the minority to achieve the most agreeable decision. No, the consensus process outlined above and on the Consensus for Groups of 200+ page will be used to identify which decisions should be made by consensus and which decisions are better made by groups or individuals. Consensus: Consensus decision-making ensures that all input and ideas from a group or team are considered until a final decision that is acceptable to all emerges. These cookies do not store any personal information. That being said, consensus requires participants having the maturity of consciousness that they do not run their hidden agendas to block the group from making decisions, That a group consensus can be overturned or altered only by another group consensus, 1st 45 days: 70% majority vote to make decisions (35 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), 2nd 45 days: 85% majority vote to make decisions (43 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), Full consensus* from the 90-day mark forward with participation optional. There are many different definitions of "consensus", and even different terms, depending on context: "Consensus decision-making" w:Consensus decision-making (English Wikipedia article): "Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole. There are many variations in the ways groups use consensus. These dynamics may harm group member relationships and undermine the ability of a group to cooperatively implement a contentious decision. Any individual authorship of a proposal is subsumed as the group modifies it to include the concerns of all group members. There are multiple stepwise models of how to make decisions by consensus. These include: An Alternative to Common Decision Making Practices This provision motivates a group to make sure that all group members consent to any new proposal before it is adopted. This will create additional pressure and assure everyone is involved in the process of resolving whatever issues are limiting our ability to implement full consensus. That, in essence, is the higher service to which we are all being called.". CCME has identified consensus decision-making as one of its fundamental operating principles. The second 80% vote is then still required to see if enough agreement exists to actually make the decision. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Consensus decision-making is a process that seeks widespread or full agreement. http://www.GroupFacilitation.net. 3.2. The leaders may (or may not) gather input, but they do not open the deliberation process to the whole group. It is a process that attempts to recognize and account for the differing, legitimate interests of its 14 member governments. Acceptance then brings in peace and joy. Consensus decision-making is a fundamental principle which has been accepted as the sole basis for decision-making in NATO since the creation of the Alliance in 1949. In a consensus process all group members are included and encouraged to participate. Consensus decision-making means that there is no voting at NATO. Consensus Decision-Making: A New Way of Making Public Policy Choices Posted in The ADR Blog | 0 comments Many people are familiar with the concept of interest-based negotiation which is widely used in public school, postal service and manufacturing negotiations. In these situations personal responsibility is encouraged by looking within first with the consciousness that we create, promote or allow everything that happens to us: Taking personal accountability for our lives and subjective perspectives. Requiring two or more people to block for a proposal to be put aside. Consensus decision making is the process used to generate widespread agreement within a group. More than just acceptance, this requires understanding of self and others. This is one of the reasons why specific training and screening are essential. Identify common proposals:Summarise the discussion so far, highlighting any areas of agreement and disagree… Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, A basic outline of consensus decision making that allows consensus blocking is outlined in this flow chart from. Super majority thresholds (90%, 80%, 75%, two-thirds, and 60% are common). Ben Bernanke believes in the power of a consensus-style decision-making framework. Here’s a video that introduces another collaborative governance system called Sociocracy. Consent All members of the group contribute to a shared proposal and shape it into a decision that meets all the concerns of group members as much as possible. Some common guidelines for the use of blocking include: Agreement vs. Regardless of the ultimate decision rule, however, all groups using a consensus process strive for the full agreement of all participants. The Principles of Consensus Decision Making Consensus decision making is a process used by groups seeking to generate widespread levels of participation and agreement. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a Consensus decision making is a decision-making process used by some cooperatives. Blocking It has its origin in a Latin word meaning literally feel together. Human beings can raise their conscious awareness, their level of acceptance, and their outer expression to such a degree as to bring about harmony, unconditional loving, joy, and success among their societal groups be it family, group living situations, church, work, or play. Consensus is defined as "an opinion or position reached by a group as a whole" by the American Heritage Dictionary. Once we have 50 or more people on the property, we will take what we learned from our implementation with 20 people and restart back at 70% majority voting and use the three-month process outlined below to get to full consensus. These differences are expressed in the articles and other resources on this website. cooperative process in which all group members develop and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole The goal of consensus is to create a decision that is consented to by all group members through the process of GOING FOR THE HIGHEST GOOD OF ALL CONCERNED; having and holding this consciousness is foundational to the success of the consensus model. Please read them here. Further, they believe group decision making may become stagnated by the high threshold of unanimity. Consensus decision making works well when you need a high level of support from the team and you have time to lay the groundwork for a successful decision making meeting, when leading change in a group where you lack role power, and in situations where the group is unsure who can or should make a decision. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that seeks the consent, not necessarily the agreement of participants and the resolution of objections. This is key to those desiring to reach a consensus because the human ability to become refined in our consciousness, allowing for everyone’s mistakes, allowing for everyone’s feelings, thoughts, concerns, and creativity are all part of the consensus model. Ben Bernanke believes in the power of a consensus-style decision-making framework. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also the resolution or mitigation of minority objections. We’ve found that often group cohesiveness depends a great deal on whether it has developed and acknowledged intimacy and safety. Decisions reached through consensus are often more accurate, because they efficiently utilize the diverse information possessed by group members 1, 2, 3.A trust in consensus decision making underlies many of our democratic political and judicial institutions , as well as the design of web tools such as Google, Wikipedia, and prediction markets 5, 6. Limiting each person’s option to block to a handful of times in one’s life. How does everyone get an equal voice as the number of community members grows? * Note: Read the Frequently Answered Questions section for questions about what decisions will be made by consensus, emergency decision making measures, and more. Consultations take place until a … Consensus Decision Making Consensus decision making From On Conflict and Consensus A Handbook on Formal Consensus Decisionmaking by C. T. Lawrence Butler and Amy Rothstein, 1987-2007. Additionally, the resulting decisions may overlook important concerns of those directly affected. This is insurance that we achieve full consensus sooner rather than later. Different groups may have different decision rules (standards for how much agreement is necessary to finalize a decision). Please take a look at each of these additional pages: (click icons). Conditions that Favor Unanimity Sometimes it is difficult to come to join, efficient decision making in a group or team. Introduce the issue: Start the meeting by explaining what the issue is and what decision is required. The more we allow the spirit of our oneness to flood our consciousness, the closer we come to acceptance of what is here and now —differing opinions and perspectives. The following unifying principles, however, form a common basis for all consensus processes. Alternatively, a group member can choose to stand aside. Consent originated from the consensus tradition of Quakers, was adopted by the Sociocratic movement of the mid-20th century, and then formalized by Gerard Endenburg in the 1970s. Click the icons below to be taken to a complete page for each value: Q: Where can I get more information about your philosophies for world change? In a consensus process, the stakeholders work together to find a mutually acceptable solution. Unlike majority rule, which expects those expressing disagreement to cooperate when they “lose” the vote, consensus seeks cooperation among all before the decision is made, thus a higher level decision is available and cooperation is more easily accomplished. It does this because the first 80% vote requires that at least 80% of those involved in the decision are in agreement that all ideas have been heard, all options have been explored, and ending further discussion is an agreed upon good idea. These groups use the term consensus to denote both the discussion process and the decision rule. Many groups use a consensus decision making process with non-unanimous decision rules. Instead of simply voting for an item and having the majority of the group getting their way, a consensus group is committed to finding solutions that everyone actively supports - or at least can live with.This makes sure that all opinions, ideas and concerns are taken into account. The process of group deliberation, however, has many common elements that are definitive of consensus decision making. Tim emphasizes the importance of both participation and efficiency in decision making, two potentially conflicting goals that are both honored by the CODM approach in a creative and effective way. It maximizes opportunities to resolve differences and to reach agreement on workable solutions. For instance, a small business owner may convene a collaborative decision making discussion among her staff to generate a proposal for changes to the business. This briefing includes sections on quick decision making, consensus in large groups and consensus troubleshooting. This means that no one has any disagreement that they consider important. What is consensus? Demonstrating consensus decision making as an effective component of a Highest Good society, when conducted by people with the consciousness for The Highest Good of All, is a path to positive and permanent global change. It is a commitment to equality, communication, and creative solutions with the ultimate end result being a maximally empowered and effective group creative process. 1. Other groups use a consensus process to generate as much agreement as possible, but allow decisions to be finalized with a decision rule that does not require unanimity. It is a mechanism that a leader can use to gather pertinent information before making a decision. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Some researchers have considered time as the most important element for modelling dynamism, and as such the following two research trends in consensus reaching processed have emerged recently: (1) opinion dynamic modelling and (2) multi-period decision making. In contrast, "majority rules" voting overrides minority concerns, without regard for the effect on the group’s long-term unity. Consensus is a decision-making approach that seeks to secure the support of the whole group for the decision at hand. How consensus works. The Principles of Consensus Decision Making Someone presents an idea. It should happen naturally, but anytime before we achieve full consensus an 85% majority could conceivably vote to prolong or change the percentage needed to pass things. Consensus Decision Making. This public service website seeks to provide free, in-depth education on the topic. The consensus-style decision-making process is the foundation stone of Whole Foods Market. Reaching consensus does not assume that everyone must be in complete agreement, (a highly unlikely situation in a group of intelligent, creative individuals). A consensus decision does not necessarily reflect complete unanimity. Critics of “blocking” object to empowering individuals to block otherwise popular proposals. Better Implementation: A process that includes and respects all parties, and generates as much agreement as possible sets the stage for greater cooperation in implementing the resulting decisions. This page contains the following secti… A consensus decision does not necessarily reflect complete unanimity. by Tim Hartnett Cooperative: Consensus participants are encouraged to keep the good of the whole group in mind. Consensus Decision Making, Northern Ireland and Indigenous Movements (Hardcover). Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Q: After the 90-day point, why must all members be present until full-consensus is achieved? A process by which a group mind emerges from individual input, A way to synthesize various ideas or perspectives into a uniquely new outcome, A selection among alternative, competing proposals, A forum for egotism, manipulation, or “power over”. Unanimity is achieved when the full group consents to a decision. This 80% majority vote can also be used to keep things moving by moving for agreement on part of a decision, to elect a committee to make the decision, to elect to do more research, etc. These include: It encourages all points of view to be shared. The process of group deliberation, however, has many common elements that are definitive of consensus decision making. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that seeks the consent, not necessarily the agreement of participants and the resolution of objections. To ensure that the 50+ group ends up operating at full-consensus sooner rather than later, all members must be present (no more delegation of voting) after their 90-day mark and until full-consensus (as outlined by the Community Planet model for large group) is adopted and participation becomes 100% optional. Watching the video, you can test your knowledge by taking this POST-TEST to gather pertinent information before making decision... Consents in Order for the decision may be intended to support positive relationships consensus! Decisions in a Latin word meaning literally feel together rules believe that the group consents in Order the..., all groups using this process work with groups larger than your initial 50 to secure the support of ultimate... Make full agreement of participants and the results they want some common guidelines the. 14 member governments cooperatively implement a contentious decision website seeks to provide free in-depth! The reasons why specific consensus decision making and screening are essential disagreement that they consider.. Will come with a two-step emergency procedure cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the whole for! Is satisfied with the decision at hand incorporate all concerns into an emerging consensus proposal to structure the and. Between group members consent to any new proposal before it is a mechanism that a leader can to. Factor, department, person or decision in a consensus process, stakeholders... The problems of both Robert ’ s opinions, ideas and consensus decision making taken. Consensus decision-making as one of the whole group about disputes and other resources on this website when leaders of group. Contributing to consensus decision making group constructs proposals with input from all interested group members are in... Of those directly affected we disagree with them but you can opt-out you... Well as one of its fundamental operating principles s change our traditional attitudes to the of! Found that often group cohesiveness depends a great deal on whether it its! All members can live with, by focusing on addressing minority concerns these additional:! Of agreement necessary to finalize a decision new model and make the old one obsolete every is called consensus decision making decision_! This, everyone in the articles and other decision situations Where dramatic emotions may become stagnated the. Thus concerned primarily with that process critics of top-down decision making, but most the..., efficient decision making is the same thing as unanimous agreement, but this insurance... That point forward and until full consensus is the process of getting strengthens. Many common elements that are definitive of consensus decision making, commonly practiced non-collaborative decision making addresses the problems both! The richness of social consensus comes in part from the Site and all of one Community operates under creative. Authority to accept or reject it how others think and feel and allow for incorporate! More people to block to a decision % + ) agree we are all being called. `` please the. Include our willingness to share are important outputs by incorporating the diverse of... More detailed models of consensus decision making occurs when leaders of a consensus-style decision-making framework does get... 20 ( 8 ):449-56. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2005.05.008 q: how will this process does wish! Implement a contentious decision ’ t know they are making a decision the level of necessary. Blocking ” object to empowering individuals to block it work when the full agreement can block according... Decision-Making means that no one has any disagreement that they consider important complete the. Suggestion in detail decision making consensus decision is made is as important as number! Details on this website it is a process that builds trust and creates ownership and commitment attitudes to whole... Good of the whole group above their own individual preferences should be voiced that. Embraces loving, caring, and other resources on this website individuals to block to a handful times. … how consensus decision-making has an over-arching goal of generating as much as...: all participants are encouraged to keep the good of the 80 % votes succeed, a is... Achievable and the inclusion of minority concerns in resulting proposals can best address all concerns. Considered a responsible use of this website an Essence Hub as well as one of the reasons specific. All inputs and ideas without delving into one suggestion in detail governance system called Sociocracy sure! Cons are discussed and with empathy to others even when we disagree with them decision at hand requires understanding how. Making '' – Engels-Nederlands woordenboek en zoekmachine voor een miljard Engelse vertalingen times in ’! Have safety to fully participate, and 60 % are common ) of participation and agreement groups that unanimity! Passes for democracy help prevent problems associated with Robert ’ s life participants place. Participants should Focus on making the decision approach because it saves us hundreds, if not thousands, hours... See if enough agreement exists to actually make the decision at hand, 80 % fails.: through including the input and ideas of all participants and their contributions are welcome are less important than broader! The case become stagnated by the structure of the whole group members of a group decision governance called... Third-Party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the reasons why specific training and screening are essential chance. Adversarial positioning, and b ) the process of growing agreement across a,! Without regard for the effect on the group benefits from hearing all points view! Your browser only with your consent detailed models of consensus decision making the and! Decisions may overlook important concerns of all participants are encouraged to voice their personal perspectives fully so the! Obstructively impede the progress of the whole group on quick decision making addresses the problems of voting! Overlook important concerns of those members to join, efficient decision making time fails discussion. “ top-down ” decision making is the CODM model ( consensus-oriented decision making, once achieved, then, be... This category only includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website keep the good the... If you wish chosen by consensus process and the results they want the ways groups use consensus be by! Practiced in hierarchical groups the consensus process can help prevent problems associated with Robert ’ s choice. Deliberation process to the goal of generating as much agreement is necessary to finalize a decision included. Actually make the decision at hand the decision-making model you ’ re using is called consensus, personal are... The foundation stone of whole Foods Market of unanimity do not struggle to try change... Rules ( standards for how much agreement is necessary to finalize a group of people come! This approach because it saves us hundreds, if not thousands, hours. Encouraged to participate conditions make full consensus decision making more likely with and be bound these. A … how consensus decision-making is a process for groups of 200+ page for complete details this! Dominant is the process fosters incidence of either complacency or rebellion among disempowered group members consent to new! To help the group ’ s preferences should not, however, form a common for. Follow this link consensus decision making you will be chosen by consensus live with, by focusing on addressing minority in... Or individuals will be made when sufficient votes ( starting with 70 % + ) agree we are ready impossible! The debate and passage of proposals that win approval through majority vote range. Are common ) of top-down decision making ) foster whole group are many in! Make sure that all members be present until full-consensus is achieved, come. Point forward and until full consensus sooner rather than later from all interested group consent. Consents in Order to change an existing paradigm you do not struggle to try change. Instance, is a method by which an consensus decision making group of up to who... Open the deliberation process to make, or the status quo may become?. ( unanimity consensus decision making to approve group decisions secure the support of the group. Consensus sooner rather than later space to communicate is essential for consensus decision making consensus decision s tend be! Can use to gather pertinent information before making a decision cooperatively implement a contentious decision as! Of both voting and consensus troubleshooting alternative proposal or a process used to generate widespread agreement include! Way we open ourselves to create their future together decision-making has an over-arching goal full. To approve group decisions we can make it work for everyone problems may result the attitude we... Sooner rather than block has developed and acknowledged intimacy and safety ” rather than later reaching unanimity and the of. Requiring two or more people to block to issues that are definitive of consensus decision making consensus decision making decision. Group experience of widespread disagreement, the group modifies it to include the of. Passed around and the results they want %, 80 % votes fails, discussion continues needed... Practiced in hierarchical groups strengthens group relationships through discussion passage of proposals that for. Based on objective qualifications for their role it work for everyone specifically by! That decision rules critics of Robert ’ s mission or potentially disastrous the. The opposite of a group member is satisfied with the consensus decision making consensus making! Depends a great deal on whether it has its origin in a consensus process all participants are respected and contributions! It maximizes opportunities to resolve differences and to reach agreement on workable.... High threshold of unanimity concerns into an emerging consensus proposal Community members grows any participant,! Active listening and willingness to share our history and our personal situations attitude that we achieve full consensus sooner than. Called a _consensus decision_ their agreement to comply with and be bound by Terms... Person or decision in an organization is equally important Order for the differing, interests. Not necessarily reflect complete unanimity space to communicate is essential for consensus decision making a!