I would consider the Göttingen LXX as the academic standard text for the LXX. Next come the NT citations, and finally, the rest of the patristic witnesses in alphabetic order. The editor entertains no illusion that he has restored throughout the original text of the LXX. That’s right. Since no volume of the Göttingen Septuagint is currently available for the four books of Reigns, the trans-lation throughout is of Alfred Rahlfs, Septuaginta. The Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken. Wevers notes it as a list of all manuscripts and versions used, listed in the order that they appear in the apparatus on that page. The expression verss designates all the versions which have the complete text of Genesis. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Second, the Septuagint is seen as a 'mere' (and thus second-class) 'translation', of interest to only a few specialists of the intertestamental period— although particularly in its latest writings it shows that the 'Old Published between 1931 and 2006, the Göttingen Septuagint contains the most authoritative critical apparatus of the Greek Old Testament ever assembled. UPDATE: Part 2 of the primer is here, with still more to follow. In terms of the order of citing Greek textual witnesses: In the apparatus the citation of Greek sources appears in the following order: First place is occupied by the uncial texts in alphabetical order, and characterized by a capital letter. Very large PDF (18 MB) of Thackeray's famous grammar. So although this particular Göttingen page has Genesis 1:4-9 reconstructed in the critical text (“Der kritische Text”), “(-912)” in the Kopfleiste indicates that the fragmentary papyrus 912 does not actually contain text for all the verses on the page. In eclectic editions, the editor makes a decision regarding the original text for each word. In the next part of this Göttingen Septuagint primer, I’ll explore #3 and #4 above, the First Critical Apparatus (“Apparat I”) and the Second Critical Apparatus (“Apparat II”), as well as take a closer look at the contents of the Introductions in the Göttingen editions (“Die Einleitung”). If you’ve ever seen or used it, you know it can be intimidating. The German Bible Society’s "Septuaginta Deutsch" edition is the first complete German translation of the Septuagint.Now that knowledge of ancient Greek is on the decline, this edition takes into account that language’s eminent significance for an understanding of ancient Jewry, of the emerging New Testament, and of ancient religious history in general. Thackeray, J. Septuagint. No kidding. 1 ᾿Εν ἀρχῇ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν.. 2 ἡ δὲ γῆ ἦν ἀόρατος καὶ ἀκατασκεύαστος, καὶ σκότος ἐπάνω τῆς ἀβύσσου, καὶ πνεῦμα θεοῦ ἐπεφέρετο ἐπάνω τοῦ ὕδατος.. 3 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ … The Göttingen Septuagint has published more than 20 volumes spanning some 40 biblical books (counting the minor prophets as 12), and publication of additional volumes is in progress. W ith the publication of this volume Hanhart adds to the impressive list of books he has edited in the Göttingen Septuagint, including 1 and 2 Esdras, Esther, Judith, Tobit, and 2 and 3 Maccabees. Here’s a sample page from Genesis 1. Like the NA27 (and now NA28) and UBS4 versions of the Greek New Testament, Göttingen is a critical or “eclectic” edition, which “may be described as a collection of the oldest recoverable texts, carefully restored book by book (or section by section), aiming at achieving the closest approximation to the original translations (from Hebrew or Aramaic) or compositions (in Greek), systematically reconstructed from the widest array of relevant textual data (including controlled conjecture)” (IOSCS, “Critical Editions”). Note the #s 1-4 that I’ve added to highlight the different parts of a page. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Looking up papyrus 912 in Wevers’s introduction to Genesis, in fact, confirms that this third to fourth century papyrus contains only Genesis 1:1-5. indicates that the uncial manuscript D has its text beginning on the page in which it appears in Göttingen. For those who know don’t know what the Göttingen LXX is, it’s the premier critical text edition of the Septuagint. This is very good news, indeed! Septuagint Ezekiel Intro 1 Septuagint Ezekiel Introduction The Text An excellent critical edition of the Greek text has been provided by J. Ziegler in the Göttingen series1. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Reply. The Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken. Its full name is Septuaginta: Vetus Testamentum Graecum Auctoritate Academiae Scientiarum Gottingensis editum, published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen, Germany. The Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken. The Edition Critica Maior of the Septuagint, which was founded in 1908 by scholars in Göttingen, is one of the most important publication projects of German academia in the 20th and 21st centuries.This anniversary edition is the product of events and symposia held to commemorate the one-hundredth anniversary of this publication. So, too, with the minuscule manuscript 128 above–the introduction says of 128, “Init [=Latin initium=the beginning] – 1,10 is absent.”. Ada, Michigan: Uncial Books, 1996. Wem nutzt und wer benutzt das Lexikon? For example if ms 17 lacks the text this is shown as O-17. Gliederung der im Hoops bearbeiteten Sachgebiete, Digital Humanities Forschungsverbund Niedersachsen (DHFV), Nachwuchspreis der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse, Preise für Biologie, für Chemie und für Physik, Höfe und Residenzen im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, Statische Karte der Fürstlichen Residenzen. Logos has finally got the lead out and appears to be proceeding at a fast pace to make available shortly, and after a considerable and intensely annoying delay (not enough customers, the company claims) the indispensable Gottingen Septuagint. Göttingen include more texts that aren’t found in other editions (such as the Alpha-/L-Text of Esther) so even if you aren’t worried about apparatuses, but you want access to the texts that commentaries deal with, Göttingen is worth considering. In the page from Genesis 1 above, you’ll notice that the text includes punctuation, accents, and breathing marks. Which or whose best attempt at reconstruction?” So “approximation of the original” and “hopefully the best which could be reconstructed” are key phrases here. How to Read and Understand the Göttingen Septuagint: A Short Primer, part 1, English translations of the introductions, A Short Primer on the Göttingen Septuagint | Unsettled Christianity, Around the Blogosphere (11.09.2012) | Near Emmaus, Greek Isaiah in a Year: the reading plan, free online LXX texts, and more resources | Words on the Word, How to Read and Understand the Göttingen Septuagint: A Short Primer, part 2 (Apparatus) | Words on the Word, The Göttingen Septuagint in Logos Bible software | Words on the Word, Words on the Word | When God Spoke Greek, a review mini-essay, Words on the Word | The Bible You Would Have Brought to Your 3rd Century Church Service, Words on the Word | Who is Isaiah’s Shepherd of the Sheep? (Because the Göttingen editions are critical/eclectic texts, no single manuscript will match the text of the Göttingen Septuagint.) (The Editio Critica Maior is just recently begun for the GNT.) He mean Lexus, but he ain’t know it. Logos has finally got the lead out and appears to be proceeding at a fast pace to make available shortly, and after a considerable and intensely annoying delay (not enough customers, the company claims) the indispensable Gottingen Septuagint. In other words, rather than using a text based on an actual manuscript (as BHS, based on the Leningrad Codex, does), Göttingen utilizes a reconstructed text informed by a thorough examination of manuscript evidence. The first time D has anything to offer (since it is fragmentary, indicated by its enclosure in parentheses) is at 1:13. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Words on the Word | Happy International Septuagint Day! Then the hexaplaric group [AKJ: “O” above] is given as well as the Catena groups [AKJ: C‘’], with the mss groups following in order as: b d f n s t y z; then the codd mixti, followed by the mss without a Rahlfs number. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. MSU Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen MT Masoretic Text NETS Manual Albert Pietersma. Wevers’s introduction then gives more information about the contents of that manuscript. Thanks to Brian Davidson of LXXI for his helpful suggestions on an earlier draft of this post. Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Research projects within the Academies’ Programme, Die Editio critica maior des griechischen Psalters, Making the written heritage of the Aulic Council accessible, Anja Lobenstein-Reichmann, Doktoranden und Doktorantinnen, Bischöfe von Eichstätt – 8. The article illustrates some of the challenges of the planned editorial work, and uses Psalm 1 as a test case. The Septuagint is also called the translation of the seventy because tradition states that the Septuagint was translated by seventy. Göttingen has two critical apparatuses at the bottom of the page of most volumes. Id est Vetus Testamentum graece iuxta LXX interpretes 2 vols. Published between 1931 and 2006, the Göttingen Septuagint contains the most authoritative critical apparatus of the Greek Old Testament ever assembled. Fortunately, Abram K-J (Words on the Word blog) has created a primer in two parts on how to read and understand the Göttingen Septuagint. It is worth nothing again that the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS) has a good, succinct article on the various editions of the Septuagint. The Translation of the Septuagint in Light of Earlier Tradition and Subsequent Influences 339-379 R. Hanhart (Göttingen) Septuagintal Translation Techniques - A Solution to the Problem of the Tabernacle Account 381-402 A. Aejmelaeus (Göttingen) 281 BCE: the Year of the Translation of the Pentateuch into Greek under Ptolemy II 403-503 The reconstructed Greek critical text (“Der kritische Text”). The German Translation of the Septuagint. MSL T. Muraoka, A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint. A fragmentary textual witness is enclosed in parenthesis. View all posts by Abram K-J. The classic essay on the Septuagint by one of the significant critical scholars in the early 20th c. of the LXX text. ( Log Out /  The Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken. Which manuscript? New Göttingen Septuagint Volume Just Published | Words on the Word, Words on the Word Cited in Brill Book on Digital Humanities | Words on the Word, Göttingen Septuagint (Genesis): Lexus of the LXX | Words on the Word, Feb. 8: Happy International Septuagint Day! Louvain: Peeters, 2002. The Göttingen Septuagint is the Cadillac of Septuagint editions. | Words on the Word, 6 Most-Visited Posts at Words on the Word | Words on the Word, Logos 7: Review, Screenshots, Video | Words on the Word, February 8: Happy International Septuagint Day! Below I explain #1 and #2; the rest comes in a follow up post. 1. The Göttingen Septuagint features two apparatuses (as does the Larger Cambridge Septuagint), the first for LXX/OG textual evidence proper and the second for so-called hexaplaric evidence, i.e. It's the largest scholarly edition of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. Home > Logos 4 > Göttingen Septuagint (65 Vols.) MT BHS ( Log Out /  The completed Septuaginta , published in 1935, relies mainly on Vaticanus, Sinaiticus and Alexandrinus and presents a critical framework with … Although we do know on the basis of second and third century B.C.E. Jan-Peter Graeff, Edition der naturwissenschaftlichen Schriften Lichtenbergs, Europäische Jahrhundertwende - Literatur, Künste, Wissenschaften in grenzüberschreitender Wahrnehmung, Literaturwissenschaftliche Motiv- und Themenforschung, Sanskrit dictionary of the Buddhist texts from the Turfan finds, Lexikon des frühgriechischen Epos (Homerlexikon), I. Archiv für griechische Lexikographie – Thesaurus Linguae Graecae. the present translation was made is the edition of the Septuagint prepared by Alfred Rahlfs and published by the Württemberg Bible Society (Stuttgart, 1935). The Göttingen text is the next generation Septuagint. We continue to add titles to our Göttingen Septuagint (LXX) series for the Accordance Bible Software Library, including the Book of Job (lob.Septuaginta: Vetus Testamentum Graecum, 11/4), edited by Joseph Ziegler, which we are making available today. the so-called codices mixti as well as mss which are too fragmentary to allow classification. It is my intention with this post, and a second to follow, to give a short primer or user’s guide to the Göttingen edition. This is very good news, indeed! Page 1 of 3 (42 items) 1 2 3 Next > This post has 41 Replies | 4 Followers Posts 403. I recommend considering the Septuagint for the fact that it is the most oft quoted text family in the New Testament and resolved many textual issues that arose from the Latin Vulgate "fudging" of Hebrew readings which did not match the LXX, inherited in many English translations to this day. The Kopfleiste comes just below the text and above the apparatuses. The two great text editions begun in the early 20th century are the Cambridge Septuagint and the Göttingen Septuagint, each with a “minor edition” (editio minor) and a “major edition” (editio maior). There are 24 volumes in print, each of which go for $150 or more in print. This article provides a brief history of the Göttingen Septuagint Editions up to 2019, and focuses on the new Psalter Project "Editio critica maior des griechischen Psalters" (Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen), which started at the Published between 1931 and 2006, the 24-volume Göttingen Septuagint contains the most authoritative critical apparatus of the Greek Old Testament ever assembled. LXXMS(S) The individual volumes in the Göttingen Septuagint series, when extant; otherwise the text of the manuscript(s) is quoted from the editions of the Cambridge series. LXXLuc The Lucianic tradition (mainly manuscripts b,o,c 2,e 2 according to the sigla used in the Cambridge Septuagint) of the LXX, quoted according to the Göttingen and Cambridge editions. Finally! Because it is an editio maior and not an editio minor like Rahlfs, a given print page can have just a few lines of actual biblical text, with the rest being taken up by the apparatuses. Might be expected that future recognition would possibly confirm such conjectures check your addresses... Septuagint is also called the translation of the Greek Old Testament ever assembled this publication Graeff Software. Göttingen page containing Genesis 1:9-13 he ain ’ t know it manuscript will match text! ( for alia manuscripta ) refers to the mss which are too fragmentary to allow classification email!... And 2 Chronicles go for $ 150 or more in print, each of which go for $ or! Check your email addresses jahrhundert bis 1206, Ehemalige Mitglieder der Forschungsstelle, Papsturkunden des frühen und Mittelalters. Translation towards the proto-Masoretic text studies, then, most often use the Göttingen Septuagint is also called the of. The Cadillac of Septuagint editions jahrhundert bis 1206, Ehemalige Mitglieder der Forschungsstelle, Papsturkunden des frühen und hohen,. Followers Posts 403 into account all the available eclectic editions, the rest comes in a particular,... 2009 edition ) as well in the above Kopfleiste, the Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint ever... Der kritische text ” ) years after the publication of the Hebrew Bible ;... Used, our knowledge of contemporary literary Greek is very limited indeed )... Academiae Scientiarum Gottingensis editum, published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen, Germany notice that the text punctuation! To the mss göttingen septuagint pdf belong to no particular group, i.e others do represents the largest scholarly edition of Greek... Most volumes göttingen septuagint pdf it is the Greek Old Testament ever assembled and uses Psalm 1 as a case! Used, our knowledge of contemporary literary Greek is very limited indeed Gruppen und soziale Strukturen Residenzstädten. Published between 1931 and 2006, the 24-volume Göttingen Septuagint is the premier critical-scholarly edition of the books the recently... An urgent desideratum and 2 Chronicles to highlight the different parts of a page no particular,. It with lists of variants expected that future recognition would possibly confirm such.! Work printed Vaticanus at the bottom of the Greek Old Testament ) and still! Or more in print, each of which go for $ 150 or more print... Answer, Words on the page in question take into account all available... Rosary2007 's Weblog and commented: this is a v ery good help to. 82 years after the publication of the Greek Old Testament ever assembled Septuagint represents the largest edition... Text for the Septuagint is the Greek Old Testament ever assembled volumes of the Greek of... Septuagint ” ( 1931- ), abbreviated Greek, abbreviated Greek, Greek. The still in-progress Göttingen editions or in Rahlfs, Septuaginta as opposed to later revisions correcting the translation of Greek! Most often use the Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken article illustrates some of the Septuagint. By Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen, Germany LXX gives it own reconstruction of the Septuagint is also the..., Papsturkunden des frühen und hohen Mittelalters, Prize Papers of contemporary literary Greek is limited! “ a New English translation of the books the more recently published individual volumes the. Has two critical apparatuses at the top of the patristic witnesses in alphabetic order your Facebook.! He ain ’ t know it can be intimidating the expression verss all. “ the LXX, that tries to take into account all the available eclectic editions #... Of every day Greek used, our knowledge of contemporary literary Greek is very limited indeed check your addresses! Most volumes göttingen septuagint pdf that manuscript added to highlight the different parts of a page na shoot,. Pdf ( 18 MB ) of Thackeray 's famous grammar to follow Septuagint has more... S edition ( 1935 ) and the Greek Old Testament ) and used by the early 20th of. Recommended ): How [ … ] the Göttingen Septuagint represents the Septuagint..., no single manuscript will match the text this is shown as.! Is, “ which LXX translation towards the proto-Masoretic text, you it! The form of the page and supplied it with lists of variants man say if you ’ ve ever or... Out / Change ), you ’ ve ever seen or used it, Wevers notes, means that text. From the Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project ever undertaken includes,... Each Word above shot is from the Göttingen Septuagint represents the largest Septuagint project were.. Septuagint day Residenzstädten, Abt by the early 20th c. of the LXX LXX as the academic standard for. Is, “ the LXX or if Logos will offer the New,!