PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The bitternut hickory is Canada’s most abundant hickory, it is a large deciduous tree that typically grows up to 35 meters tall. Well-defined ridges on hull; 7-11 leaflets; Bark is flat (for a hickory) The bitternut hickory fruit grows to be between 0.8 inch (2 cm) and 1.6 inches (4 cm) long, and is enclosed in a thin, dark brown husk. It is a large deciduous tree , growing up to 35 meters tall exceptionally to 47 m, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter. It … Leaflets dark yellow-green and smooth above, pale and slightly hairy below, on hairy stalks. Though, the Bitternut Hickory … The leaves of Bitternut are 30 cm long, odd pinnate, up to 17 cm (6.7 in) long with 7 -11 lanceolate leaflets. The leaflets, which grow 9 to a rachis, are broad and smooth around the edges. Bitternut hickory is a large north American native tree, best reserved for larger landscapes. One usually finds it in low and fertile situations in rich agricultural valleys, but in southeastern Ohio … The wood is hard and heavy, but useful for making many types of furniture, paneling, and tools. The leaves of Bitternut are 30 cm long, odd pinnate, up to 17 cm (6.7 in) long with 7 -11 lanceolate leaflets. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Mar 28, 2016 - The most abundant and widely distributed of all the hickories is the Bitternut Hickory, Carya cordiformis. bitternut (Carya cordiformis) leaf underside, bitternut (Carya cordiformis) leaves and fruit, bitternut (Carya cordiformis) autumn colouring, bitternut (Carya cordiformis) terminal bud, bitternut (Carya cordiformis) terminal buds, bitternut (Carya cordiformis) crown winter. Your Name: On bottom lands it develops into a tree of 50 to 70 feet or more with a straight trunk, 1 to 2 1/2 feet in diameter. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Carya cordiformis and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Similar species: the Sand Hickory also has 9 leaflets and yellowish buds, but grows in dry habitats, has silvery leaf undersides, and spicily fragrant leaves; the Water Hickory of the Coastal Plain lacks yellow buds, averages more leaflets (9-11), and has slightly slightly more curved (falcate) leaves. BITTERNUT HICKORY Carya cordiformis, (Wangenheim) K. Koch THE Bitternut Hickory, also called Swamp Hickory and Water Hickory, is usually found in moist to wet loca- tions. Bitternut hickory is a medium-sized tree with a long, clear trunk and broad, spreading crown. The flowers are small green-yellow catkins. Male flowering catkins open in mid-spring. More information: Some more details of the golden-yellow, naked buds. The nut has a bitter taste. You may find bitternut, mockernut, and pignut hickory trees with a similar trunk diameter, but a height of around 50 to 70 feet. Facts. The sutures of the fruits are narrowly winged. The nut is large up to 3 cm (1.2 in). Bitternut hickory is closely related to pecan tree (Carya illnoinensis), but unlike the pecan, its nuts are bitter and unpalatable to humans.It is also closely related to Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) and as such is one of the few species that can grow in close proximity with walnut trees.The wood is sometimes used for yokes or tool handles, as it is strong and hard. The leaves are 1530 cm long, pinnate, with 711 leaflets, each leaflet lanceolate, 713 cm long, with the apical leaflets the largest but only slightly so. This species grows in moist forest, also called steam banks. Even though, it is difficult to identify different hickory species on the basis of tree height, there are certain factors that may help you in this task. In Iowa it is found quite widely throughout the state except in the northwestern part. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina, Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Juglandales>Juglandaceae>Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch. Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) Bitternut hickory trees have large pinnate leaves, slender green twigs, and grayish bark with diamond pattern fissuring. Common Name: bitternut, bitternut hickory Scientific Name: Family: Juglandaceae Genus: Carya Species: cordiformis Hardiness Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 50 to 80 ft Width: 30 to 50 ft Description: These large trees from the hickory genus Carya can be found among the forests of eastern Minnesota. Where it is found It does well in … They are woody, rough, more or less round swellings. The shortest among the hickory species is shellbark, with a height of around 30 to 60 feet, and a trunk diameter of one to three feet. Bitternut hickory (C. cordiformis) is our only hickory with long, bright yellow buds. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Bitternut Hickory is an occasional to common tree found in hardwood forest, ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. It has large, compound leaves, a one-inch, four-part nut, and yellow fall color. Bitternut hickory is named for its acrid nuts, which are eaten by very few animal species. Two walnut species also are native — black walnut and butternut (or white walnut). The Bitternut Hickory generally prefers rich, moist soils of bottom lands, river valleys and along stream banks. identification. The nuts are rich in oil and so far have been the backbone of our culinary oil production operation. UK College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment 51,527 views. Walnut trees are closely related to hickories, and they have many characteristics in common. Bitternut Hickory nuts and bark Barkin' up the right tree. Bitternut hickories grow up to 115 ft. (35 m) tall with an irregular oval crown. It is the shortest-lived of the hickories, living to about 200 years. The nut tip is sharp. 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