Her family arranged several marriages for her that advanced their own political position including Giovanni Sforza, Lord of Pesaro and Gradara, Count of Catignola; Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie and Prince of Salerno; and Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara. Lucrezia Borgia Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. 1 Nov 1499, d. Aug 1512. Many believed he was the child of a relationship between Lucrezia and either her father Pope Alexander or her brother Cesare. On 24 June 1519 Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara and daughter of Pope Alexander VI, died, ten days after giving birth to her ninth child. The Dark Marquis - Duchess of Ferrara 1502–19 - Lucrezia Borgia: Life, Love, and Death in Renaissance Italy - by Sarah Bradford. Children of Lucrezia Borgia and Alfonso I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara-1. Accordingly, Lucrezia was in 1493 married to Giovanni Sforza, lord of Pesaro. He later married into the family of French King Louis XII, another alliance forged by his father. Lucrezia had several children by Alfonso d'Este. Borgia was born into a greedy and vicious family and many believe she was equally ambitious and ruthless. When Alexander VI died in 1503, Lucrezia ceased to play a political role and led a more normal life at the brilliant court of Ferrara, which became a centre for the arts and letters of the Italian Renaissance. Jul 23, 2015 - Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519), Duchess of Ferrara. In 1493, Lucrezia married Giovanni Sforza – it was a marriage of politics, Pope Alexander VI believed that having the Sforza’s as his allies would help him in his political endeavours and it was a way of thanking the Sforza family for their help in electing him as pope. The job of raising Lucrezia, however, was given to Rodrigo's cousin, the widow Adriana daMila. On a spring day in 1480, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia ordered various astrologers to his home in Rome to tell him the future of a newborn child. In 1512 Lucrezia withdrew from public life, possibly from the news that Rodrigo, her son by Alfonso of Aragon, had died. Lucrezia and Alphonso had six children, four of whom survived into adulthood. …the king of Naples; and Lucrezia was given first to Giovanni Sforza of Milan, and, when that marriage was annulled by papal decree on the grounds of impotence, she was married to Alfonso of Aragon. The task of raising Lucrezia, however, was given to Rodrigo's cousin, the widow Adriana daMila. [2] Her mother was Vannozza dei Cattanei, one of the mistresses of Lucrezia's father, Cardinal Rodrigo de Borgia (later Pope Alexander VI). With Jeremy Irons, François Arnaud, Holliday Grainger, Joanne Whalley. A stillborn daughter (1502), First child by d'Este; Isabella Maria d'Este (born and died on 14 June 1519). The affair between Francesco and Lucrezia was passionate, more sexual than sentimental as can be attested in the fevered love letters the pair wrote one another. The Borgia — Lucrezia Borgia. Lucrezia was mother to seven or eight known children: Giovanni Borgia, "infans Romanus" ("Child of Rome", c. 1498–1548) had his paternity acknowledged by both Alexander and Cesare in two separate Papal bulls, but it was rumoured that he was the child of Lucrezia and Perotto. He is described as a devote Catholic, but he is not the perfect Catholic cardinal, let alone the perfect choice for the position of Holy Father. Alexander annulled the marriage in 1497 on the dubious grounds of nonconsummation. The problem is that this will make … History may have pigeonholed her as Renaissance Italy’s most notorious seductress, but it’s high time we give the Duchess of Ferrara a closer look. of Naples, they married on 11. Lucrezia Borgia had four children, Rodrigo (12) , Ercole (51) , Ippolito (63) and Isabella (1) . Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia are two of the most infamous people in the Italian Renaissance. Many historians don’t think the Borgias deserve to be remembered as terribly as they are. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lucrezia-Borgia. [39], At least one biographer (including Maria Bellonci) claims that Lucrezia gave birth to three more children, one by Alfonso of Aragon and two by Alfonso d'Este, who did not survive infancy. The … Infamous poisoner. In March 1498, the Ferrarese ambassador claimed that Lucrezia had given birth, but this was denied by other sources. Lucrezia Borgia is thought to be his mother, perhaps through her lover Perotto Calderon—but much darker rumors persisted. With Conrad Veidt, Liane Haid, Albert Bassermann, Paul Wegener. Vannozza bore four children during her relationship with Cardinal Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) was the only daughter of Pope Alexander Vl. She was a thoroughly accomplished princess, fluent in Spanish, Catalan, Italian, and French, which prepared her for advantageous marriage to any European monarch or prince, and literate in both Latin and Greek. Rumors about her and her family cast Lucrezia as a femme fatale, a role in which she has been portrayed in many artworks, novels and films. The careers of the Borgia children were decided and laid out before them before they could even waalk. Lucrezia was the third child born to Alexander and his mistress, the thrice-married Vannozza (Giovanna) dei Cattanei. He even persuaded Pope Sixtus IV to pronounce Cesare legitimate so that he could hold an office in the Church. Many of these concern allegations of incest, poisoning, and murder on her part; however, no historical basis for these rumours has ever been brought forward beyond allegations made by rival parties. [15][16] Francesco's wife was the cultured intellectual Isabella d'Este, the sister of Alfonso, to whom Lucrezia had made overtures of friendship to no avail. Daughter of the Spanish cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, later Pope Alexander VI, and his Roman mistress Vannozza Catanei, and sister of Cesare, Lucrezia is often accused of sharing in their many crimes and excesses. We’ll even let you know about secret offers and sales when you sign up to our emails. When lucrezia Borgia first child, Rodrigo of Aragon, was born, Lucrezia Borgia was 19 years old. The first, Giovanni or Juan, was born in Rome in 1474. The two had several children, and Lucrezia came into her own as a Renaissance woman, overcoming her scandalous reputation - despite several affairs - and maintaining her position and power as the Borgia family's influence and fortunes fell following Alexander's death. In 1491 the young Lucrezia was successively betrothed to two Spanish nobles. The Controversial Queen of Beauty: Lucrezia Borgia. The anti-Borgia propaganda from those times, the fact that games such as Assassins Creed play up to these rumours and the fact that numerous television shows (Borgia for one – thankfully The Borgias hasn’t crossed that line yet) and Borgia novels (The Borgia Bride has a rather disturbing incestuous scene between Pope Alexander and his daughter). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. As Andrew Alexander writes, “she is primarily remembered as the daughter of a corrupt and scheming pope and the sister of an immoral and murderous brother. Alfonso d’Este, son of Ercole I, duke of Ferrara, married Lucrezia on December 30, 1501, although he shunned the union for a time because of the Borgias’ unsavoury reputation. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519), daughter of Pope Alexander VI has been painted in very dark colors, and she has been accused of many crimes and excesses. In 1481 or 1482, a fourth child, Gioffre, was born. He became the leading figure in the saga of the Borgia family, both as a perpetuator of evil and a facilitator of the activities of these two most famous of his children. [20][21] On the same occasion Byron claimed to have stolen a lock of Lucrezia's hair – "the prettiest and fairest imaginable"[21] – that was also held there on display. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Mention the Medieval period and people free-associate themselves right into visions of plague, violence, and shit-covered peasants. Their love letters were deemed "The prettiest love letters in the world" by the Romantic poet Lord Byron when he saw them in the Ambrosian Library of Milan on 15 October 1816. [10], Following her annulment from Sforza, Lucrezia was married to the Neapolitan Alfonso of Aragon, the half-brother of Sancha of Aragon who was the wife of Lucrezia's brother Gioffre Borgia. The King of Naples refuses to accept Lucrzia's child as part of the marriage agreement and pointedly invites Caterins Sforza and other Borgia enemies to the wedding. According to Mandell Creighton in his History of the Papacy "Lucrezia ... was personally popular through her beauty and her affability. Rodrigo Borgia (later Pope Alexander VI) and especially his children, Lucrezia Borgia and Cesare Borgia, wreaked havoc around Rome. Lucrezia Borgia was an Italian noblewoman and daughter of Pope Alexander VI. The mysterious origin of the child as well as Lucrezia’s presence at a celebrated night orgy at the Vatican have been used to support the rumours of incest in the Borgia family. He therefore called off Lucrezia's previous engagements and arranged for her to marry Giovanni Sforza, a member of the House of Sforza who was Lord of Pesaro and titled Count of Catignola. Daughter of pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) and Vanozza Catanei. In 1501, two papal bulls were issued concerning the child, Giovanni Borgia. He was born in Subiaco. That couldn’t be further from the truth. She was a pawn, a chess piece for her father and brother’s political plans. Her long golden hair, her sweet childish face, her pleasant expression and her graceful ways, seem to have struck all who saw her.". Lucrezia Borgia is rated "Good" by our guests. Deutsche Seite. Lucrezia Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480, in Subiaco, near the city of Rome, Italy. In Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia: Brother and Sister of History’s Most Vilified Family, Samantha Morris expertly separates rumour from fact to provide a balanced appraisal of these famous siblings; their strengths and weakness. Lucrezia Borgia was born on April 18, 1480, the daughter of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia (c. 1431 – 1503), later to become Pope Alexander VI, and his mistress Vannozza Cattanei, who was also the mother of Lucrezia's two older brothers, Cesare and Giovanni. She had two elder brothers, Cesare and Giovanni. In September 1475, Cesare Borgia was born. "The Renaissance" Simon and Schuster (1953), page 429, Francesco d'Este, Marchese di Massalombarda, "NGV Solves Mystery of Renaissance Portrait", "Observer review: Lucrezia Borgia by Sarah Bradford", The Byron Chronology: 1816–1819 – Separation and Exile on the Continent, Only known painting of Lucrezia Borgia discovered in Australian gallery, Infamous Renaissance woman subject of mystery portrait, Portrait of Renaissance femme fatale Lucrezia Borgia found at NGV, Lucretia Borgia | guardian.co.uk:Philip Pank (5 February 2002), BBC – h2g2 – A Brief History of Poisoning, 28 July 2005, "Behind the Brocade: Abel Gance's Lucrezia Borgia", "THE SCREEN IN REVIEW; Paulette Goddard, Macdonald Carey Play Borgias in 'Bride of Vengeance,' at Paramount", "Francois Arnaud talks sibling love in 'The Borgias, "Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia ewwww (minor spoilers)", Lucrezia Borgia: The Family Tree in Pictures, Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucrezia_Borgia&oldid=996506007, Burials at the Corpus Domini Monastery, Ferrara, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Valencian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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