The Coalition stated they were only targeting rogue elements of the militia. On April 4, al-Sadr issued a statement calling on his supporters to stop staging demonstrations “because your enemy prefers terrorism”. In the fourth episode of MWI’s Urban Warfare Project podcast, John Spencer is joined by retired Lt. Col. Analyzes the 2008 Battle of Sadr City, and presents insights and lessons learned. 22 Mahdi army militiamen were killed when they attacked a joint US-Iraqi checkpoint. The 1-68 Armor Battalion, 3rd Combat Brigade of the 4th Infantry Division was tasked with clearing roadside bombs on Al Quds Street and other roads in the southern half of Sadr City. US force… However, Mahdi Army fighters remained in Sadr City, blended in the civilian population, with their weapons. Three US soldiers and at least 20 Iraqis had been killed by the end of the day. After the egress of the US Army element, the Iraqi police station was completely destroyed. Sadr City was spared from most of the massacres that were leaving 50, 60 or 70 bodies throughout Baghdad per day because of the blockade and the tight Mahdi Army control of the district. In late March 2008, a Shi0́9a uprising in Baghdad0́9s Sadr City district challenged the authority of the Government of Iraq (GoI) at its heart. Call for Applications: MWI’s 2020–21 Fellow and Adjunct Scholar Programs. Nine U.S. soldiers were killed during the fighting along with a number of members from the Iraqi security forces. The Final Fight: The 2008 Battle of Sadr City Senior Capstone Project for Geoffrey Ensby - 3 - effectively combat the insurgency, and leading to a new state of affairs in the country at its conclusion for both the Iraqis and the Americans. For More Information Visit RAND at www.rand.org Explore the RAND Arroyo Center View document details Support RAND Purchase this document Browse Reports & Bookstore Make a charitable contribution Limited Electronic Distribution Rights This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law as indicated in a notice … 100 U.S. soldiers and more than 1,700 civilians were wounded. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [18], Unmanned Predator aircraft fired Hellfire missiles into Sadr City every day targeting the mortar and rocket teams. It brought to 79 the number of militiamen killed in the three days of fighting in Sadr city. Another 15 soldiers also surrendered elsewhere in Baghdad. Battle of Sadr City.” The purpose of this project is to provide insights and lessons learned from the Battle of Sadr City that can inform a broader understanding of urban operations and thereby help the U.S. Army evaluate what capabilities it may need in the future. The conversation offers a detailed operational view of the battle and of the unique challenges of urban warfare. Al Quds was formerly a four-lane major thoroughfare in Sadr City. Jared Jenkins and 1st.Sgt.Arthur Abiera, Apache Troop, 1st Squadron, 33rd Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division in Sadr City, Iraq. A "battle" that didn't need to happen. The patrol's communications devices were blocked by surrounding buildings and were unable to call for support. u/tinkthank. I will remember the spring of 2008 for the rest of my life as a time we fought like hell not only to survive, but to bring an end to the Ja'Ish Al-Mahdi's reign over nearly three million inhabitants of Sadr City. The Mahdi Army has taken heavy casualties in Sadr City and the surrounding neighborhoods since the fighting began on March 25. Militiamen attacked an Iraqi police station which had American advisors embedded with the Iraqis, fearing a repeat of Tuesday's desertions. The Mahdi Army occasionally shelled the Green Zone, the central seat of Coalition power in Iraq, with mortars and rockets from the district. [36], On May 3, U.S. forces, using a guided multiple-launch rocket system (GMLRS), struck a militant command and control center housed in a building just 55 yards (50 m) away from the al-Sadr Hospital, one of two main hospitals in Sadr City. On March 25, an Iraqi military assault was launched against the port city of Basra, which was held by a number of militia groups, but primarily by the Mahdi Army. Reports later indicated that the coordinated enemy attack from the Mahdi Army consisted of over 100 militia, and the six US soldiers eliminated an estimated 19 insurgents while enduring no casualties to their team, or the Iraqi police who refused to assist in the engagement. [39] The U.S. military claimed that between May 3 and May 9, it had killed at least 76 militiamen. In February 2007, the Coalition launched Operation Imposing Law with the sole purpose of taking back Baghdad from the insurgents. [20][21], On April 15, the 769th Engineer Battalion, protected by 1-68 Armor Battalion C company M1 Abrams tanks, Stryker APCs and Apache helicopters, began construction of a massive concrete barrier along Al Quds Street, a major road separating the southern districts of Thawra and Jamilla from the northern districts which make up the heart of Sadr City. MWI Podcast: Special Operations Forces in the Fight Against ISIS and on Tomorrow’s Multi-Domain Battlefield, The Army in a New Era of Competition—for Labor. On April 6 Iraqi and U.S. forces moved into the southern third of Sadr City to prevent rocket and mortar fire being launched from the area. Our unit started in Sadr City … However the curfew remained in effect in Sadr City into April[17] and the ceasefire only lasted until April 6, when US forces, for the first time, started a push into Sadr City, trying to hold the ground gained in an attempt to get the militia mortar teams further away from the Green Zone. (Source: DigitalGlobe, 11/03/02) Sadr City municipal building (Source: DigitalGlobe, 11/03/02) The Sadr City municipal complex includes a soccer field and a … As of today, Abrams says they are the most experienced combat soldiers in the U.S. Army. [33] Nine militiamen were killed while preparing to fire rockets at Coalition forces or after placing roadside bombs. This analysis advances understanding of urban operations and thereby helps the Army focus on what capabilities it will need in the future for such conflicts. Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division and elements of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment were sent out to retake them. [11][12] But despite this Coalition raids continued into March 2008. Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division and elements of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment were sent out to retake them. 15 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. 10 militiamen were killed in the attack and no U.S. casualties were reported. However U.S. forces from the 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment, the 3rd Infantry Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 10th Mountain Division and the 25th Infantry Division, supported by UAVs firing Hellfire missiles, Bradley APCs, M1 tanks and U.S. Special Forces, inflicted heavy casualties on the militiamen. Or, the 2017 case in the battle for Tal Afar when “an escape corridor for the trapped fighters, who they hoped would flee into the open desert where they could be picked off.” Coalition forces’ success in this battle helped consolidate the Government of Iraq’s authority, contributing significantly to the attainment of contemporary U.S. operational objectives in Iraq. The resulting month-long fight ultimately reduced the Sadr militia’s combat power and a new 2.4 km wall across the city prevented them from affecting key coalition bases. US forces, from the 759th Military Police Battalion, subsequently regained control of the police stations after running firefights with Mahdi rebels that kille… For More Information Visit RAND at www.rand.org Explore the RAND Arroyo Center View document details Support RAND Purchase this document Browse Reports & Bookstore Make a charitable contribution Limited Electronic Distribution Rights This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law as indicated in a notice … They must defend their rights in the ways they see fit,” the statement said, according to The Washington Post. These temporary ceasefires would be called off because of repeated violations of the agreements. [40], Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF), supported by U.S. Special Forces, were also operating in Sadr City. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}33°23′20″N 44°27′30″E / 33.3889°N 44.4583°E / 33.3889; 44.4583, Operation Imposing Law and the August 2007 cease-fire, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "US military killed Mahdi Army commander Arkan Hasnawi in May 3 strike", "U.S. forces learn a hard lesson in Sadr City", "Frontline: the lost year in iraq: timeline – fighting on two fronts", "U.S. On April 6, 2008, the Iraqi National Security Council released a statement calling on all political parties to disband their militias if they want to participate in the elections later in the year. After heavy fighting the troops withdrew to their start positions. Coalition forces’ success in this battle helped consolidate the Government of Iraq’s authority, contributing significantly to the attainment of contemporary U.S. operational objectives in Iraq. Three other US soldiers were killed in a string of attacks across the capital that day.[10]. Every night, U.S. troops in Sadr City roll their 60-ton armored Bradley fighting vehicles onto hostile streets, to play a dangerous game of cat-and-mouse. After that Sadr declared a unilateral cease-fire to be implemented by all branches and elements of the Mahdi Army. Eight US troops were killed and 51 more wounded in the bloody battle. An Iraqi special reconnaissance unit recaptured the police station the next day. 15 “How Technology Won Sadr City Battle,” CBSNews, Web. April 4, 2004 — the first day of the fighting in the Battle of Sadr City — a day that lives in the hearts, minds, and souls of every War Eagle from 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment. Once known as Saddam City, then as Al Thawra, Sadr City is named for the Imam Mohammed Sadr, an Iraqi religious leader killed by Saddam Hussein. 16 militants were also killed in separate engagements throughout eastern Baghdad, according to a US military statement. You all fought what needed to be fought, but it could have been avoided. I hope the get the real information form all who were oversee fighting. The Siege of Sadr City was a blockade of the Shi'a district of northeastern Baghdad carried out by U.S. and Iraqi government forces in an attempt to destroy the main power base of the insurgent Mahdi Army in Baghdad. In Sadr City itself Mahdi Army militiamen coordinated a system of security that ran parallel to the official police structure, but this soon crumbled as they suffered heavy casualties in the uprising.[8]. On April 27, the Mahdi Army once again took advantage of a heavy dust storm which grounded US aerial forces to attack the blockades around Sadr City. A description of Sadr City from GlobalSecurity.Org: Sadr City is subdivided into six sections. A U.S. We know of no full analysis of the 2008 Battle of Sadr City. Forces Take Heavy Losses As Violence Spreads Across Iraq", "Fighting kills dozens of Iraqis, 8 U.S. soldiers", "140 Iraqis killed in US air strikes, artillery fire", "Al-Sadr Restructuring His Mahdi Army Militia", "Sadr's Militia Enforces Cease-Fire With a Deadly Purge", "Iraqi security forces battle the Mahdi Army", Curfews and clashes cripple Baghdad, Basra, "19 Tense Hours in Sadr City Alongside the Mahdi Army", "Shiite Militias Cling to Swaths of Basra and Stage Raids", "U.S. and Iraqis Battle Militias to End Attacks", "MND-B aerial weapons team kills 9 criminals", "Iraqi, U.S. troops accused of Sadr City attack", "Coalition forces return fire after complex attack in Sadr City (Baghdad)", "Iraqi Unit Flees Post, Despite American's Plea", "Company of Iraqi troops abandons position after attack". First was the fear of mass civilian casualties if there was a direct attack because of the large number of people living in Sadr City. Required fields are marked *. A combat vet and VA psychiatrist reveal some shocking things about PTS meds. The nine soldiers defended the Iraqi police, who were not willing to fight, as well as their Station taking on small arms fire, and rocket propelled grenade attacks. Buy The 2008 Battle of Sadr City: Reimagining Urban Combat by David E. Johnson, M. Wade Markel, Brian Shannon (ISBN: 9780833080288) from Amazon's Book Store. Rather, the Modern War Institute provides a forum for professionals to share opinions and cultivate ideas. Voodoo In Sadr City was written by Sergeant Boone Cutler. Heavy street battles, block by block, neighborhood by neighborhood, ensued for the next six months. On May 6, an ISOF unit captured seven "Special Groups" members allegedly responsible for supplying explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) into Baghdad, as well as firing rockets into the Green Zone. From the Soldiers on the street to the Commanding General, the dramatic change in the tactical landscape demanded mental agility, measured emotional response, and poised leadership. Although the company was a relatively green unit which had relieved a more experienced unit only days before, it raised doubts among US forces about the Iraqis' ability to hold their ground. 10. At least three US battalions, including two Stryker battalions, have been identified operating inside Sadr City alongside Iraqi troops. … Many residents still call it Al Thawra, meaning "Revolution City." Vehicles and two mortar rounds were used in the civilian population, with their weapons of Iraq. 10... “ How Technology Won Sadr City, Baghdad in 2005 as part of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry mechanized. 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